Loss of consciousness, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicide risk among deployed military personnel with mild traumatic brain injury

Research Type: 
Concussion Literature

Summary:  In an outpatient TBI clinic on a US military base in Iraq, 135 SMs who had the diagnosis of mTBI received Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised, Depression subscale of the Behavioral Health Measure-20, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Military Version, Insomnia Severity Index, self-report questionnaire, and clinical interview addressing TBI-related symptoms. Compared with a group that did not have mTBI, in patients with mTBI increased suicidality was significantly associated with depression and the interaction of depression with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Longer duration of loss of consciousness was associated with decreased likelihood for any suicidality.

Citation:  Bryan, CJ, Clemans, TA, Hernandez, AM and Rudd, MD. 2013. Loss of consciousness, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicide risk among deployed military personnel with mild traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil 28(1):13-20.
Journal: 
J Head Trauma Rehabil
Category: 
Publication Date: 
2013