DVBIC was founded in 1992, largely in response to the first Persian Gulf War, under the name Defense and Veterans Head Injury Program. At that time, its goal was to integrate specialized TBI care, research and education across military and veteran medical care systems. DVBIC now supports a network of 21 sites, operating out of 16 military treatment facilities and five Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers. The specific activities vary at each site and can include conducting research; assisting service members, veterans and their families locate support services; conducting educational and outreach activities; and assessing TBI injury data.


  • Under the task direction of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, DVBIC launched the TBI consensus statement project
  • DVBIC initiated a one-year outcomes support contract to obtain TBI outcomes information from the Intrepid Spirit Centers, advancing the goal of monitoring and tracking TBI outcomes


  • DVBIC became TBI center of excellence under Defense Health Agency
  • Results of the “Study of Cognitive Rehabilitation Effectiveness” (SCORE) were published in September in the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation demonstrating that therapist directed methods most effectively improve functional cognitive abilities after TBI
  • DVBIC produced a report on existing and emerging TBI research gaps and priorities most relevant to the DoD and MHS
  • DVBIC launched a podcast for caregivers of service members and veterans with TBI called The TBI Family
  • DVBIC headquarters staff organized a national meeting bringing together staff members from across the DVBIC network sites for the first time in five years


  • DVBIC partnered on the NCAA "Mind Matters Challenge"
  • DVBIC released a new concussion fact sheet for patients: Help With Ongoing Symptoms
  • DVBIC completed data collection for the congressionally mandated "Study of Cognitive Rehabilitation Effectiveness for Mild TBI (SCORE)," and published study manuals
  • DVBIC published findings for the "Head to Head" study on the reliability and validity of computerized neurcognitive assessment tests


  • Defense Department designated DVBIC as the manager of the TBI Pathway of Care for the Military Health System
  • DVBIC hosted 2nd Global Synapse, a live and virtual symposium
  • DVBIC collaborated with the Department of Veterans Affairs and National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research on the study for Improved Understanding of Medical and Psychological Needs in Veterans and Service Members with Chronic TBI (IMAP) to examine disability care needs in the first five years after injury
  • Navy Medical Center San Diego is funded for two studies exploring neurological damage caused by low-level blast
  • DVBIC released clinical recommendation: Progressive Return to Activity Following Acute Concussion/Mild TBI in Deployed and Non-Deployed Settings for primary care managers and rehabilitation providers
  • DVBIC released clinical recommendation: Management of Sleep Disturbances Following Concussion/Mild TBI



  • DVBIC marked 20 years of service
  • DVBIC expanded to Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska
  • DVBIC expanded outreach to Times Square with digital PSA urging people to protect their heads by wearing a helmet
  • DVBIC updated its logo to build greater awareness of its commitment to our nation's veterans and service members
  • Defense Department issued updated guidance on how to manage concussion in the deployed setting (DoDI 6490.11)


  • DVBIC held fifth annual Military Training Conference
  • Recruitment started for the congressionally mandated 15-year study of mild, moderate and severe TBI
  • First public service announcements air on the American Forces Network and online
  • Navy physician and TBI survivor CAPT James Hancock encouraged viewers to visit DVBIC online in its first PSA
  • DVBIC and WETA launched BrainLineMilitary.org, a website geared towards service members and veterans


  • DVBIC-Charlottesville Rehabilitation Programs (previously known as Lakeview Virginia NeuroCare Inc.) renamed


  • 3rd Annual TBI Military Training Conference held
  • Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System joined DVBIC network
  • DVBIC partnered with the Joint Chiefs of Staff on a mission to Iraq and Afghanistan, seeking to optimize and improve care of our wounded warriors with TBI and concussion
  • DVBIC led the U.S. delegation to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) exploratory team on concussion/mild TBI to begin development of international standards
  • Co-sponsored the scientific meeting of the International Brain Injury Association
  • Participated in the first U.S.-Japan TBI symposium as well as military information exchanges with both Israel and the Republic of Korea


  • DVBIC Tele-TBI Clinic and Remote Assessment Center established
  • Laurel Highlands Neuro-Rehabilitation Center renamed DVBIC-Johnstown
  • Defense Health Board-appointed Family Caregiver Panel held first meeting
  • Department of Veterans Affairs/Department of Defense Evidence-Based Work Group convened to work on evidence-based guidelines for mild traumatic brain injury/concussion
  • Special issues mTBI/concussion conference held
  • BrainLine.org launched in collaboration with WETA
  • First issue of DVBIC Brainwaves newsletter published
  • 2nd Annual TBI Military Training Conference held


  • COL (Sel) Michael S. Jaffee, M.D., named DVBIC national director
  • Camp Lejeune joined DVBIC network
  • Fort Hood joined DVBIC network
  • “Survive Thrive & Alive: Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury” documentary released featuring Gen. Colin L. Powell, (Ret)
  • Tbi.Consult in-theater consultation launched
  • 1st Annual TBI Military Training Conference held
  • DVBIC mission expanded to include TBI surveillance per Department of Defense-Health Affairs policy
  • Clinical Management Guidance for non-deployed medical activities (mild TBI/concussion) released
  • Regional Care Coordination program launched
  • DVBIC designated the primary operational TBI component of the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE)


  • Laurel Highlands Neuro-Rehabilitation Center (precursor to DVBIC-Johnstown and second civilian site) joined DVBIC network
  • Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany joined DVBIC network
  • “Guidelines for Field Management of Combat-related Head Trauma” developed in coordination with the Brain Trauma Foundation
  • Military Acute Concussion Evaluation (MACE) deployed
  • Hosted consensus conference for deployment of acute management of mTBI/concussion in theater guidelines
  • Completed a second randomized study of two approaches to TBI rehabilitation in a large sample of Department of Veterans Affairs patients with moderate-to-severe TBI


  • Brooke Army Medical Center joined DVBIC network through formation of San Antonio Military Medical Center, Texas, with Wilford Hall Medical Center
  • Fort Bragg and Fort Carson joined DVBIC network
  • TBI surveillance efforts began per tasking of the Office of the Surgeon General and Department of Defense-Health Affairs
  • Department of Veterans Affairs augmented DVBIC resources to create polytrauma system of care
  • Video teleconferencing began between Walter Reed Army Medical Center and Department of Veterans Affairs polytrauma centers to facilitate a seamless transition of care


  • Lessons-Learned Military TBI Conference held at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland
  • National Institute of Health began Phase III of Vietnam Head Injury Study
  • Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board established


  • Operation Iraqi Freedom began
  • Convened an expert advisory board that recommended assigning top priority to the characterization of wartime TBI cohorts, in terms of both acute and long-term outcomes
  • First comprehensive TBI screening program in an at-risk hospitalized population was initiated at Walter Reed Army Medical Center
  • DVBIC website launched


  • Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan began
  • DVHIP renamed Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center
  • Deborah L Warden, M.D., succeeded Andres M. Salazar, M.D., as national director
  • DVBIC-Charlottesville Rehabilitation Programs (previously known as Lakeview Virginia NeuroCare Inc.) became first civilian partner, providing community re-entry services


  • Conducted and published first large randomized clinical trial of TBI rehabilitation




  • DVHIP documented incidence of TBI during peacetime



  • Persian Gulf War (First Gulf War) ended


  • National Institutes of Health began Phase II of Vietnam Head Injury Study


  • National Institutes of Health began Phase I of Vietnam Head Injury Study