Summary: The effects of shell shock on gait and other post-concussive symptoms and signs, and treatment of those symptoms and signs, were evaluated in 21 World War I Soldiers filmed before and after treatment. The most common presenting feature was a gait disorder, either pure or mixed, with another movement disorder (15), followed by retrograde amnesia (2), abnormal postures (pure dystonia) (1), facial spasm (1), head tremor (1), "hyperthyroidism-hyperadrenalism" (1). Nineteen patients received treatment, and the treatment was identified in nine cases. Occupational therapy was the most common treatment. Other effective methods were hypnosis (1), relaxation (1), passive movements (2), and probable "presuasion and re-education" (6).
Shell Shock: Psychogenic gait and other movement disorders-A film review
Citation: Moscovich, M, Estupinan, D, Qureshi, M and Okun, MS. 2013. Shell Shock: Psychogenic gait and other movement disorders-A film review. Tremor Other Hyerkinet Mov (NY) 3